Teachers’ Incentives As Determinant Of Job Productivity In Public Secondary Schools In Abia State, Nigeria

ONYEKWELU | 76 pages (27367 words) | Theses
Educational Administration and Supervision | Co Authors: VIVIAN CHINWENDU

ABSTRACT

This study examined teachers’ incentives as determinant of job productivity in public secondary schools in Abia State. Five research questions and five hypotheses guided the study. Correlation research design was adopted  for the study. The multi-stage sampling was used for the study, a consensus sampling technique was used to draw three education zones in Abia, a simple random sampling of the local government area was conducted to select two local government areas each from the education zones using balloting without replacement and a proportionate stratified random sampling technique was used to select 351 teachers in public secondary schools in Abia State with the aid of krejcie and Morgan formula. The instrument that was used for data collection  was a questionnaire. The data collected for the study was analyzed using Pearson product moment correlation (PPMC) to answer research questions while the hypotheses formulated were tested using linear regression (ANOVA) at 0.05 level of significance. The findings  of the study revealed that staff welfare relates to teachers’ job productivity in public secondary schools to a very high extent, work environment correlates to teachers’ job productivity in public secondary schools to a high extent, teachers’ salary structure positively relate to teachers’ job productivity in public secondary schools to a very high extent, intrinsic benefits relate job productivity in public secondary schools to a high extent and extrinsic benefits relates teachers’ job productivity to a very high extent.  It was recommended among others that Government should provide facilities that improve staff welfare so as to enhance job productivity in public secondary schools.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Title Page                                                                                                                     i

Declaration                                                                                                                  ii

Certification                                                                                                                 iii

Dedication                                                                                                                   iv

Acknowledgements                                                                                                     v

Table of Contents                                                                                                        vi

List of Tables                                                                                                               ix

List of Figures                                                                                                              x

Abstract                                                                                                                       xi

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background of the Study                                                                               1

1.2       Statement of the Problem                                                                               5

1.3       Purpose of the Study                                                                                      6

1.4       Research Questions                                                                                         7

1.5       Hypotheses                                                                                                     7

1.6       Significance of the Study                                                                               9

1.7       Scope of the Study                                                                                         9

 

CHAPTER 2:  REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1       Conceptual Framework                                                                                   10

2.1.1     Incentives                                                                                                       10

2.1.2.   Types of incentive used as motivator                                                             11

2.1.3   Teachers’ incentives                                                                                         13

2.1.4.   Objectives of teachers’ incentives                                                                  16

2.1.5.   Teachers’ incentive packages                                                                          17

2.1.6.   Elements of teachers incentive in public secondary school                            18

2.1.7     Job productivity                                                                                             28

2.1.7.1. Indicators of teachers’ productivity                                                              29

2.1.8   Teachers’ incentives package in public secondary school in Abia State          40

2.2.      Theoretical Framework                                                                                   44

2.2.1.   Maslow’s theory of need hierarchy (1954)                                                     44

2.2.2   Herzberg’s two-factor theory (1956)                                                               46

2.2.3.   Victor Vroom expectancy theory (1964)                                                        48

2.3.      Empirical Studies                                                                                            49

2.4       Summary of Related Literature Reviewed                                                     63

CHAPTER 3:  METHODOLOGY

3.1       Design of the Study                                                                                        66

3.2       Area of the Study                                                                                           67

3.3       Population of Study                                                                                        68

3.4        Sample and Sampling Techniques                                                                 68

3.5.      Instrument for Data Collection                                                                       68

3.6       Validation of the Instrument                                                                          69

3.7       Reliability of the Instrument                                                                           70

3.8       Method of Data Collection                                                                             70

3.9       Method of Data Analysis                                                                               71

CHAPTER 4:  RESULTS AND DISCUSION

4.1       Results                                                                                                            72

4.2       Summary of the Study                                                                                    79

4.3       Discussion of the Finding                                                                               80

 

CHAPTER 5:  SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1       Summary                                                                                                         87

5. 2      Conclusion                                                                                                     89

5.3       Recommendations                                                                                          89

5.4       Educational Implication of the Study                                                            90

5.5       Limitation of the Study                                                                                  91

5.6        Suggestion for Further Study                                                                        91

             References                                                                                                     93

             Appendices                                                                                                     98

 

LIST OF TABLES

2.1        Abia State Teachers Salary Structure Grade Level 1                                    41

2.2       Abia State Teachers Salary Structure Grade Level 2                                     43

4.1         Correlation Matrix of Staff Welfare and Teachers’ Job Productivity in

Public Secondary   Schools                                                                             72

 

4.2       Regression Analysis of Relationship between Staff  Welfare and  Job        

            Productivity                                                                                                    73

 

4.3       Correlation Matrix of Relationship between Work Environment and

Teachers’ Job  Productivity                                                                            73

 

4.4       Regression Analysis of Relationship between Work Environment and

            Teachers’ Job Productivity                                                                            74

 

4.5       Correlation Matrix of Relationship between Teachers’ Salary Structure

            and Teachers’ Job Productivity                                                                      75

 

4.6       Regression Analysis of Relationship between teachers’ salary structure

and teachers’  job productivity                                                                       75

 

4.7       Correlation Matrix of Relationship between intrinsic benefits and

teachers’ job productivity                                                                               76

 

4.8       Regression Analysis of Relationship between intrinsic benefits and

teachers’ job  productivity                                                                              77

 

4.9       Correlation Matrix of Relationship between extrinsic benefits and

teachers’ job productivity                                                                               77

 

4.10     Regression Analysis of Relationship between extrinsic benefits and

teachers’  job productivity.                                                                             78 

 LIST OF FIGURES

1.1       Classification of Incentives                                                                            15

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APA

ONYEKWELU, O (2023). Teachers’ Incentives As Determinant Of Job Productivity In Public Secondary Schools In Abia State, Nigeria. Repository.mouau.edu.ng: Retrieved Dec 02, 2023, from https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/teachers-incentives-as-determinant-of-job-productivity-in-public-secondary-schools-in-abia-state-nigeria-7-2

MLA 8th

ONYEKWELU, ONYEKWELU. "Teachers’ Incentives As Determinant Of Job Productivity In Public Secondary Schools In Abia State, Nigeria" Repository.mouau.edu.ng. Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 10 Aug. 2023, https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/teachers-incentives-as-determinant-of-job-productivity-in-public-secondary-schools-in-abia-state-nigeria-7-2. Accessed 02 Dec. 2023.

MLA7

ONYEKWELU, ONYEKWELU. "Teachers’ Incentives As Determinant Of Job Productivity In Public Secondary Schools In Abia State, Nigeria". Repository.mouau.edu.ng, Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 10 Aug. 2023. Web. 02 Dec. 2023. < https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/teachers-incentives-as-determinant-of-job-productivity-in-public-secondary-schools-in-abia-state-nigeria-7-2 >.

Chicago

ONYEKWELU, ONYEKWELU. "Teachers’ Incentives As Determinant Of Job Productivity In Public Secondary Schools In Abia State, Nigeria" Repository.mouau.edu.ng (2023). Accessed 02 Dec. 2023. https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/teachers-incentives-as-determinant-of-job-productivity-in-public-secondary-schools-in-abia-state-nigeria-7-2

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