Malaria Prevalence In Relation To Blood Group And Haemoglobin Genotypes Among New Intake Students Of Federal Government College Ohafia, In Ohafia L.G.A Of Abia State, Nigeria.

IHEOHAKARA | 44 pages (8552 words) | Projects
Zoology | Co Authors: MIRIAN C.

ABSTRACT

 The study examined malaria prevalence in relation to blood group and haemoglobin genotypes among new intake students of Federal Government College Ohafia. A total of 200 randomly selected new intake students who gave their consent were included in the study and examined using microscopy. Thick and thick blood smears prepared on clean greased free slides from venous blood aseptically collected from each students and stained with Giemsa stain were examined for the presence of malaria parasite. The blood grouping and haemoglobin genotype were done using ABO typing and haemoglobin electrophoresis respectively. Data were analysed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 20.0. Overall prevalence rate recorded for malaria was 48(24%). Blood group AB* and O had the highest prevalence rate 2(100%). There was no Plasmodium detected among the participants’ with blood group B~ and AB". Blood group O* had the least prevalence rate 16(15.19%). There was statistical significant difference among the different groups (X? = 19.911, P < 0.05). More male students were infected 31(30.7%) than the female students 17(17.2%). Genotype SS had the highest prevalence rate 8(42.1%) while genotype AS had the least prevalent rate 13(17.1%). There was statistical difference between malaria prevalence in relation to genotype (X? = 17.246, P < 0.05). The result of this study shows that blood group AB* and O~ with genotype SS are more susceptible to malaria than the other blood groups and genotypes. Apart from focusing on pregnant women and children in the control of malaria, government should consider other individuals of Hb — genotype SS and AA together with blood group AB* and O" in the control of malaria.

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APA

IHEOHAKARA, I (2023). Malaria Prevalence In Relation To Blood Group And Haemoglobin Genotypes Among New Intake Students Of Federal Government College Ohafia, In Ohafia L.G.A Of Abia State, Nigeria.. Repository.mouau.edu.ng: Retrieved Jun 23, 2024, from https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/malaria-prevalence-in-relation-to-blood-group-and-haemoglobin-genotypes-among-new-intake-students-of-federal-government-college-ohafia-in-ohafia-lga-of-abia-state-nigeria-7-2

MLA 8th

IHEOHAKARA, IHEOHAKARA. "Malaria Prevalence In Relation To Blood Group And Haemoglobin Genotypes Among New Intake Students Of Federal Government College Ohafia, In Ohafia L.G.A Of Abia State, Nigeria." Repository.mouau.edu.ng. Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 13 Sep. 2023, https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/malaria-prevalence-in-relation-to-blood-group-and-haemoglobin-genotypes-among-new-intake-students-of-federal-government-college-ohafia-in-ohafia-lga-of-abia-state-nigeria-7-2. Accessed 23 Jun. 2024.

MLA7

IHEOHAKARA, IHEOHAKARA. "Malaria Prevalence In Relation To Blood Group And Haemoglobin Genotypes Among New Intake Students Of Federal Government College Ohafia, In Ohafia L.G.A Of Abia State, Nigeria.". Repository.mouau.edu.ng, Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 13 Sep. 2023. Web. 23 Jun. 2024. < https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/malaria-prevalence-in-relation-to-blood-group-and-haemoglobin-genotypes-among-new-intake-students-of-federal-government-college-ohafia-in-ohafia-lga-of-abia-state-nigeria-7-2 >.

Chicago

IHEOHAKARA, IHEOHAKARA. "Malaria Prevalence In Relation To Blood Group And Haemoglobin Genotypes Among New Intake Students Of Federal Government College Ohafia, In Ohafia L.G.A Of Abia State, Nigeria." Repository.mouau.edu.ng (2023). Accessed 23 Jun. 2024. https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/malaria-prevalence-in-relation-to-blood-group-and-haemoglobin-genotypes-among-new-intake-students-of-federal-government-college-ohafia-in-ohafia-lga-of-abia-state-nigeria-7-2

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