Innovative Leadership Styles And Human Resources Management AS Correlates Of Principals’ Administrative Effectiveness In South East, Nigeria

189 pages (41925 words) | Theses


The study examined the extent innovative leadership styles and human resources management correlate with principals’ administrative effectiveness in public secondary schools in south east, Nigeria. The study adopted a correlational survey research design. The sample size for this study was 400 principals drawn from a population of 1,483 principals from 1483 public secondary schools in the five states of South East Nigeria. The sample size was determined using Taro Yamen mathematical formula sample estimation. Proportionate stratified random sampling technique was used to draw a sample fraction of 0.2. Three instruments titled “Innovative Leadership Questionnaire (ILQ), Human Resource Management Questionnaire (HRMQ) and Principals’ Administrative Effectiveness Questionnaire’’ (PAEQ)” were used for data collection. The three instruments were validated by three experts, two from the Department of Educational Management and two experts from the Department of Science Education, all from College of Education, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike. In order to determine the reliability of the instruments, thirty copies of the questionnaire were administered to 30 principals from 30 private secondary schools in five states of the South East Nigeria which were not part of the study respondents. The internal consistency of each of the instruments were obtained using Cronbach alpha method which clusters which ILSQ yielded an index of .77, HRMQ yielded an index of .85 and PAEQ yielded and index of .77, which were considered as reliable for data collection and for the study. Five Research Assistants were used for the administration of the data collection. Data collected were analyzed using Pearson Moment Correlation Coefficient in answering the 10 research questions while Linear Regression analysis was used to test the 10 null hypotheses that guided the study at 0.05 level of significance. The findings of the study amongst others revealed that instructional leadership style, Transformational leadership style, Cultural leadership style, and Knowledge management respectively and significantly to a positive moderate extent correlate with principals’ administrative effectiveness in public secondary schools in south east Nigeria, while supervisory leadership style, School-community based leadership style, Human capital development and Management-staff relation significantly to a positive high extent correlate with principals’ administrative effectiveness in public secondary school in south east Nigeria. The study therefore recommended among others that government should organize regular leadership training and retraining of principals of secondary schools on the proper application of innovative leadership styles to ensure administrative effectiveness.




Title page                                                                                                                                i

Declaration                                                                                                                              ii

Certification                                                                                                                            iii

Dedication                                                                                                                              iv

Acknowledgements                                                                                                                v

Table of contents                                                                                                                    vi

List of tables                                                                                                                           ix

Abstract                                                                                                                                  x


CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION                                                                                      1

1.1              Background to the Study                                                                                           1

1.2              Statement of the Problem                                                                                           12

1.3              Purpose of the Study                                                                                                  13

1.4              Research Questions                                                                                                     14

1.5              Hypotheses                                                                                                                 15

1.6              Significance of the Study                                                                                           16

1.7              Scope of the Study                                                                                                     18


CHAPTER 2: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE                                                          19

2.1    Conceptual Framework                                                                                                  19

2.1.1 Secondary school                                                                                                           20

2.1.2 Principalship                                                                                                                   26

2.1.3 Administration                                                                                                               33

2.1.4 Administrative Effectiveness                                                                                        33

2.1.5 Human Resources Management                                                                        36 Knowledge management                                                                                            39 Human capital development                                                                                       41 Management-workforce relations                                                                               43

2.1.6 Leadership                                                                                                                     45

2.1.7 Leadership Styles                                                                                                           47

2.1.8 Innovative leadership styles                                                                                           48 Instructional leadership                                                                                               50 Supervisory leadership                                                                                                53 Cultural leadership                                                                                                      55 Transformational leadership                                                                                        56 School-community based leadership                                                                          57

2.2       Theoretical Framework                                                                                              59

2.2.1    Fielder’s contingency theory of leadership (1967)                                                    59

2.2.2     Human resources management theory by Raymond Miles (1965)                            61

2.2.3    Administrative theory by Henry Fayol (1949)                                                           63

2.3       Empirical Studies                                                                                                       64

2.4       Summary of Review of Related Literature                                                               81


CHAPTER 3: METHODOLOGY                                                                                      83

3.1 Design of the Study                                                                                                          83

3.2 Area of the Study                                                                                                                         83

3.3 Population of the Study                                                                                                    87

3.4 Sample and Sampling Techniques                                                                        87

3.5 Instrument for Data Collection                                                                                         87

3.6 Validation of the Instrument                                                                                            89

3.7 Reliability of the Instrument                                                                                             89

3.8 Method of Data Collection                                                                                               90

3.9 Method of Data Analysis                                                                                                 90


CHAPTER 4: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION                                                                92

4.1       Results                                                                                                                        92

4.2       Summary of the Findings                                                                                           114

4.3       Discussion of the Findings                                                                                         116



5.1 Summary of the Study                                                                                                      123

5.2 Conclusion                                                                                                                        124

5.3 Recommendations                                                                                                            125

5.4 Educational Implications of the Study                                                                             126

5.5 Limitation of the Study                                                                                                    128

5.6 Suggestions for Further Study                                                                                          128

 References                                                                                                                             130

Appendix                                                                                                                                139


LIST OF TABLES                                      


4.1       Correlation Matrix between Instructional Leadership Style and Principals’              92

 Administrative Effectiveness


4.2         Regression Analysis of Relationship between Instructional Leadership Style           93

And Principals’ Administrative Effectiveness


4.3         Correlation Matrix of Supervisory Leadership Style and Principals’                         94

Administrative            Effectiveness


4.4         Regression Analysis of Relationship between supervisory leadership style               95

and Principals Administrative Effectiveness                                     


4.5         Correlation Matrix of Transformational Leadership Style and Principals’                 96

              Administrative Effectiveness


4.6         Regression Analysis of Relationship between Transformational Leadership Style    97

And Principals’ Administrative Effectiveness                                                                                             

4.7         Correlation Matrix of Cultural leadership Style and Principals; Administrative        98



4.8         Regression analysis of relationship between Cultural Leadership Style and 99

Principals’ Administrative Effectiveness                               


4.9         Correlation Matrix of School-Community Leadership Styles and Principals’           100

Administrative Effectiveness


4.10       Regression Analysis of Relationship Between School-Community Leadership        101 

Style and Principals’ Administrative Effectiveness                          


4.11       Correlation Matrix of Innovative Leadership Style and Principals’ Administrative  102



4.12       Regression Analysis of Relationship between Innovative Leadership Style and       104

Principals’ Administrative Effectiveness                                                    


4.13       Correlation Matrix of Knowledge Management and Principals’ Administrative       105



4.14       Regression Analysis of Relationship between   Knowledge Management and         106 

Principals’ Administrative Effectiveness                                                                 


4.15       Correlation Matrix of Human Capital Management and Principals’ Administrative 107




4.16       Regression Analysis of Relationship Human Capital management and Principals’   108

Administrative Effectiveness                                                          


4.17       Correlation Matrix of Management-Staff Relation and principals Administrative    109



4.18       Regression Analysis of Relationship between Management-Staff Relations and      110

Principals’ Administrative Effectiveness                                                                   


4.19       Correlation Matrix of Human Resources Management and Principals’                     111

Administrative Effectiveness                                                            


4.20     Regression Analysis of Relationship Human Resources Management and Principals 112

              Administrative Effectiveness                                                                     


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-- (2023). Innovative Leadership Styles And Human Resources Management AS Correlates Of Principals’ Administrative Effectiveness In South East, Nigeria. Retrieved May 24, 2024, from

MLA 8th

--. "Innovative Leadership Styles And Human Resources Management AS Correlates Of Principals’ Administrative Effectiveness In South East, Nigeria", 15 Aug. 2023, Accessed 24 May. 2024.


--. "Innovative Leadership Styles And Human Resources Management AS Correlates Of Principals’ Administrative Effectiveness In South East, Nigeria".,, 15 Aug. 2023. Web. 24 May. 2024. < >.


--. "Innovative Leadership Styles And Human Resources Management AS Correlates Of Principals’ Administrative Effectiveness In South East, Nigeria" (2023). Accessed 24 May. 2024.

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