Effect of Organisational Structure on Management Effectiveness of Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Nigeria

ANUMBA | 82 pages (30284 words) | Theses
Industrial Relations and Personnel Management | Co Authors: OBIANUJU JOSEPHINE

ABSTRACT

This study focused on the effects of organisational structure on management effectiveness of Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike. Too much of government interference and lack of independence contributed to this study. The specific objectives were to: ascertain the effects of centralisation on strategic decision making, examine the effects of specialisation on goal attainment, evaluate the effects of formalisation on problem solving and find out the effects of departmentalisation on resource allocation in Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike. The study adopted survey research design. The population of the study consists of both the academic and non-academic staff of Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike. Multiple Regression analysis were used to analyze the study objectives. Findings revealed that: At 1% level (Sig < .01) of significance, centralisation of structure positively affects strategic decision making, at 1% level (Sig < .01) of significance, specialisation of structure positively affects goal attainment and at 1% level (Sig < .01) of significance, formalisation of structure positively affects problem solving in Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike. The study concluded that the structure of Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike have a significant and positive effect on their management effectiveness. However, the study recommended that: The management of Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike need to relax the structure of the University to an extent and moderate the concentration of power on top management in the University.  There is need to localise authority for decision-making and adopt employees participation in decision making, especially at collages and departmental levels, as these will encourage collective will and team spirit between management and staff in the University and will continually enhance the attainment of strategic decisions in the University.

 TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page                                                                                                                                i

Declaration                                                                                                                              ii

Certification                                                                                                                            iii

Dedication                                                                                                                              iv

Acknowledgement                                                                                                                  v

Table of Contents                                                                                                                   vi

List of Tables                                                                                                                          x

Abstract                                                                                                                                  xi

 

CHAPTER 1: CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

1.1              Background to the Study                                                                                           1

1.2              Statement of the Problem                                                                                           3

1.3              Objectives of the Study                                                                                              5

1.4              Research Questions                                                                                                     6

1.5              Research Hypotheses                                                                                                  6

1.6              Significance of the Study                                                                                           7

1.7              Scope and of the Study                                                                                              8

1.8               Operational Definition of Terms                                                                                10

CHAPTER 2: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1              Conceptual Review                                                                                                     14

2.1.1        Organisational structure                                                                                              14

2.1.2        Management effectiveness                                                                                         18

2.1.3        Types of organisational structures                                                                              20

2.1.4        Dimensions of managerial effectiveness                                                                     38

2.1.5        The Design of organisational structure                                                                       39

2.1.6        Centralisation of organisational structure                                                                   41

2.1.7        Centralisation of organisational structure and managerial performance                     43

2.1.8        Centralisation of organisational structure and managerial innovation                        47

2.1.9        Specialisation of organisational structure                                                                   49

2.1.10    Formalisation of organisational structure                                                                    54

2.1.11    Formalisation of organisational structure and managerial innovation                        58

2.1.12    Organisational structure of Michal Okpara university of agriculture umudike          59

2.2  Empirical Review                                                                                                             66

2.3  Conceptual Framework of Organisational Structure and                                                

Management Effectiveness                                                                                         72

 

2.4  Theoretical Review                                                                                                           73

2.4.1        The Contingency theory of organisational structure                                                   73

2.4.2        Mintzberg’s theories on organisational configuration                                     76

2.4.3        Theory of mechanistic and organic systems of organization                                      77

2.4.3.1  Application of theory of mechanistic and organic systems of organization               80

2.5  Summary of Related Literature Reviewed                                                                       81

2.6  Gaps in Literature Review                                                                                                82

CHAPTER 3:                RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1       Research Design.                                                                                                         84

3.2       Population of the Study                                                                                               84

3.3              Sources of Data Collection                                                                                         85

3.3.1        Primary Source of Data                                                                                              85

3.3.2        Secondary Source of Data                                                                                          85

3.4        Sample and Sampling Procedure                                                                                85

3.4.1        Sample Size Determination                                                                                         86

3.5        Validity of the Instruments                                                                                        88

3.6        Reliability of the Instruments                                                                                     89

3.7        Methods of Data Analysis                                                                                          90

3.8        Model Specification                                                                                                    90

CHAPTER 4:    DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSES                         

4.1              Data Presentation                                                                                                        93

4.2              Effect of Centralisation on Strategic Decision Making in Michael Okpara

University of Agriculture Umudike                                                                            94

4.3              Effect of Specialisation on Goal Attainment in Michael Okpara University of

Agriculture Umudike                                                                                                  97

4.4              Effect of Formalisation on Problem Solving in Michael Okpara University of

4.5              Agriculture Umudike                                                                                                  99

4.6              Effect of Departmentalisation on Resource Allocation in Michael Okpara

University of Agriculture Umudike                                                                            101

4.7              Discussion of Findings                                                                                               103

CHAPTER 5:SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1              Summary of Findings                                                                                                 105

5.2              Conclusion                                                                                                                  105

5.3              Recommendations                                                                                                      106

References                                                                                                                  108

LIST OF TABLES

                                                                                                                                                Pages

3.1:      Showing the target population and sample size drawn from Michael Okpara

University of Agriculture Umudike.                                                                           88

 

3.2:      Showing Coefficient of Correlation of the Reliability of the Research Instrument.  90

 

4.1:      Showing the number of questionnaire sampled to academic and non-academic

staff of Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike and the number that

was returned.                                                                                                              93

 

4.2:      Showing Multiple Regression analysis result on the effect of centralisation on

strategic decision making in Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike.   94

 

4.3:      Showing Multiple Regression analysis result on the effect of specialisation on

goal attainment in Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike.                  97

 

4.4:      Showing Multiple Regression analysis result on the effect of formalisation on

problem solving in Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike.                  99

 

4.5:      Showing Multiple Regression analysis result on the effect of departmentalisation

on resource allocation in Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike.        101

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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APA

ANUMBA, A (2023). Effect of Organisational Structure on Management Effectiveness of Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Nigeria. Repository.mouau.edu.ng: Retrieved Apr 25, 2024, from https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/effect-of-organisational-structure-on-management-effectiveness-of-michael-okpara-university-of-agriculture-umudike-nigeria-7-2

MLA 8th

ANUMBA, ANUMBA. "Effect of Organisational Structure on Management Effectiveness of Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Nigeria" Repository.mouau.edu.ng. Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 10 Aug. 2023, https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/effect-of-organisational-structure-on-management-effectiveness-of-michael-okpara-university-of-agriculture-umudike-nigeria-7-2. Accessed 25 Apr. 2024.

MLA7

ANUMBA, ANUMBA. "Effect of Organisational Structure on Management Effectiveness of Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Nigeria". Repository.mouau.edu.ng, Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 10 Aug. 2023. Web. 25 Apr. 2024. < https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/effect-of-organisational-structure-on-management-effectiveness-of-michael-okpara-university-of-agriculture-umudike-nigeria-7-2 >.

Chicago

ANUMBA, ANUMBA. "Effect of Organisational Structure on Management Effectiveness of Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike, Nigeria" Repository.mouau.edu.ng (2023). Accessed 25 Apr. 2024. https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/effect-of-organisational-structure-on-management-effectiveness-of-michael-okpara-university-of-agriculture-umudike-nigeria-7-2

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