study assessed the effect of location on the performance of cattle marketers in
Imo and Abia state, Nigeria. The specific objectives were to examine the
socio-economic characteristics of the cattle marketers, assess the performance
of cattle marketing with respect to net return, marketing margin, and marketing
efficiency, ascertain the socio-economic factors influencing performance of
cattle marketing, examine the structure of cattle marketing, ascertain the
effect of location on the performance of cattle marketers and identify the
major constraints facing cattle marketing in Imo and Abia states, Nigeria.
Primary data used in the study were obtained using well-structured
questionnaire administered to 120 cattle marketers who were randomly selected.
Data were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools such means, percentages,
marketing margin and efficiency model, multiple regression model, Gini
Coefficient analysis and Z-statistics analysis. They results indicated a mean
age 47 and 43 years for the primary and secondary marketers respectively,
implying that majority of the respondents were of middle age and are active and
vibrant. Majority of the respondents were males 85% and 87.5%, while 73.8% and
72.5% respectively of the primary and secondary cattle marketers were married.
In terms of education, literacy level
was more among the secondary cattle marketers 85%, while 38.8% were literate among the primary
cattle marketers. The mean household size was 7 and 5
persons, with mean years of marketing experience of 14.45 and 10.53 for primary
and secondary cattle marketers respectively. The cost of buying cattle
accounted for 95.44% and 90.49% of the Total
Variable Cost incurred by the marketers in the primary and secondary cattle
markets respectively. Cattle marketing was profitable with a Net return of
N358,404 and N191,166 for the primary and
secondary cattle marketers respectively. The marketing margin was 12.52% and 20.83%
for both sets of marketers. Marketing efficiency of 125% and 137% for cattle marketing
indicated that the cattle marketers in the secondary market were more efficient
than those who operated in the primary market. The results also showed that
market performance was significantly influenced by marital status, household
size, marketing experience, location, Labour, and length of keeping. Results
from the Gini Coefficient indicated that the primary and secondary market
approximated perfect competition with 0.13 and 0.47 for both markets
respectively. Results from the Z-test
showed that location influenced performance of the cattle marketers, with the
secondary cattle marketers having higher performance than the primary cattle
marketers in the study area. Constraints faced by cattle marketers in the study
area includes, inadequate capital, poor road networks, lack of shade/
inadequate market structure, fluctuations in demand, inadequate market
information, inadequate market security, poor access road and animal mortality.
The study concluded that location has an effect on performance of cattle
marketers. Strengthening marketing institutions through capacity building for
the cattle marketers and handling problems associated with transportation
systems in marketing are recommended as steps necessary to enhance the
performance of the cattle marketers in the study area.
ONYENEGECHA, O (2022). Effect Of Location On The Performance Of Cattle Marketers In Imo And Abia States, Nigeria. Repository.mouau.edu.ng: Retrieved Jan 26, 2023, from https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/effect-of-location-on-the-performance-of-cattle-marketers-in-imo-and-abia-states-nigeria-7-2
ONYENEGECHA, ONYENEGECHA. "Effect Of Location On The Performance Of Cattle Marketers In Imo And Abia States, Nigeria" Repository.mouau.edu.ng. Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 12 Oct. 2022, https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/effect-of-location-on-the-performance-of-cattle-marketers-in-imo-and-abia-states-nigeria-7-2. Accessed 26 Jan. 2023.
ONYENEGECHA, ONYENEGECHA. "Effect Of Location On The Performance Of Cattle Marketers In Imo And Abia States, Nigeria". Repository.mouau.edu.ng, Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 12 Oct. 2022. Web. 26 Jan. 2023. < https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/effect-of-location-on-the-performance-of-cattle-marketers-in-imo-and-abia-states-nigeria-7-2 >.
ONYENEGECHA, ONYENEGECHA. "Effect Of Location On The Performance Of Cattle Marketers In Imo And Abia States, Nigeria" Repository.mouau.edu.ng (2022). Accessed 26 Jan. 2023. https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/effect-of-location-on-the-performance-of-cattle-marketers-in-imo-and-abia-states-nigeria-7-2