Assessment of some physicochemical parameters of groundwater samples from four Local Government Areas in Kano State:- Suberu, James P.

JAMES PHARES | 120 pages (30929 words) | Theses
Chemistry | Co Authors: SUBERU

ABSTRACT

 The groundwater qualities ofsome settlements in four local government areas (Fagge, Dala, Ungogo and Gwale) in Kano State, Nigeria were determined. The study was based on the assessment of physicochemical parameters of groundwater (wells and boreholes) samples. Fourty groundwater samples, ten from each local government area were collected and analyzed for the following parameters: pH. electrical conductivity (EC), temperature, total solids (TS), total dissolved solids (TDS), total suspended solids (TSS), salinity, chloride, turbidity, total hardness (T.FI), alkalinity, phosphate (PO4). nitrate (NO3), sulphate (SO4), sodium (Na), magnesium (Mg), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr) and lead (Pb). Standard laboratory analysis were carried out to determine the concentration of these parameters and major comparisons were equally made with World Health Organization (WHO), Standard Organization of Nigeria (SON) and Water Quality Index (WQI) standard ratings. The data showed variation ofthe investigated parameters as follows: pH (5.11 - 7.40). temperature (27.10 - 31.83) °C, EC (419 - 4870) pS/cm, TS (268.10 - 2776.10) mg/1, TDS (226.33 2743) mg/1, TSS (23.07 - 61.24) mg/1, salinity (0.15-2.33) ppt, chloride (65.08 - 970.33) mg/1, turbidity (0.37 - 23.9) NTU, T.H (16 - 134.26) mg/1, alkalinity (16.27 - 89.50) mg/1, PO4 (3.65 - 55.59) mg/1, NO3 (5.25 - 33.27) mg/1, SO4 (25.06 - 446) mg/1, Na (0.006 - 0.070) mg/1, Mg (0.004 - 0.889) mg/1, Cd (0.004 - 0.055) mg/1, Cr (0.038 - 0.096) mg/1 and Pb (0.022 - 0.14) mg/1. The concentration ofsome ofthe investigated parameters were above the standard quality for drinking water. Lead, cadmium and chromium for instance, were found to exceed 0.01mg/1, 0.003mg/l and 0.005mg/l respectively which is the WHO maximum permissible limits. This is as a result of improper discharge of untreated effluents in the environment which led to the contamination of groundwater sources. It is therefore recommended that proper and constant monitoring of disposal processes for industrial as well as domestic effluents in the study area is employed to guarantee safe water for drinking and domestic purposes

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APA

JAMES, P (2023). Assessment of some physicochemical parameters of groundwater samples from four Local Government Areas in Kano State:- Suberu, James P.. Repository.mouau.edu.ng: Retrieved Feb 23, 2024, from https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/assessment-of-some-physicochemical-parameters-of-groundwater-samples-from-four-local-government-areas-in-kano-state-suberu-james-p-7-2

MLA 8th

PHARES, JAMES. "Assessment of some physicochemical parameters of groundwater samples from four Local Government Areas in Kano State:- Suberu, James P." Repository.mouau.edu.ng. Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 29 Nov. 2023, https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/assessment-of-some-physicochemical-parameters-of-groundwater-samples-from-four-local-government-areas-in-kano-state-suberu-james-p-7-2. Accessed 23 Feb. 2024.

MLA7

PHARES, JAMES. "Assessment of some physicochemical parameters of groundwater samples from four Local Government Areas in Kano State:- Suberu, James P.". Repository.mouau.edu.ng, Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 29 Nov. 2023. Web. 23 Feb. 2024. < https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/assessment-of-some-physicochemical-parameters-of-groundwater-samples-from-four-local-government-areas-in-kano-state-suberu-james-p-7-2 >.

Chicago

PHARES, JAMES. "Assessment of some physicochemical parameters of groundwater samples from four Local Government Areas in Kano State:- Suberu, James P." Repository.mouau.edu.ng (2023). Accessed 23 Feb. 2024. https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/assessment-of-some-physicochemical-parameters-of-groundwater-samples-from-four-local-government-areas-in-kano-state-suberu-james-p-7-2

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