refers to the existence of either excess amounts of body fat for one’sheight or
frame called overweight (or obese), or insufficient body fat called underweight.
Anthropometry is the study of the measurement of the human body in terms of the
dimensions of bone, muscle, adipose (fat) tissue wellness and weight status.
Weight status of an individual is said to be overweight or obese when the
weight of the person is higher than healthy weight and the weight of individual
lower than healthy weight is considered underweight. This study assessed the socio-cultural factors affecting the weight status of young
adults in urban and rural areas of Akwa Ibom State. A cross-sectional
study design was adopted for the study. Multi-stage sampling techniques was
used to select 300 respondents from six (6) wards of Uyo and Etimekpo Local
Government Areas of Akwa-Ibom State. Data was collected from the respondents
with the use of a well-structured and validated questionnaire. The
anthropometry assessment of the respondents was done measuring their weight,
height, waist circumference, hip circumference using weighing scale,
standiometer, non-elastic stretchable measuring tape for the measurement and
was used to determine their respective BMI and waist-hip ratio and comparing
them with reference standard. The data collected was analysed using Statistical
Package Service Software (SPSS) version 23.0. Descriptive statistical tools
such as frequency table and inferential statistics (correlation analysis) was
used to analyse the data so as to achieve the study objectives and the result
of the analysis was presented in frequency and percentage, p-value (P<0.05)
was statistically accepted. Findings of the study showed that majority (97.3%)
of the respondents were Christian and 40.2% of the respondents were single
adults. More than half (68.8%) of the respondents earn between
N18, 000 - N54, 000 and few of the respondents had no formal education. The
result showed that majority (97.0%) of the respondents claimed that
belief/faith does not influence that dietary behaviour while many of them
claimed that family income is a determinant of their food and dietary choices.
More than half (52.2%) had normal body mass index, while prevalence of
overweight and obesity among the respondents were 17.6% and 12.3%,
respectively. About 56.8% of the respondents were at lower risk of developing
central obesity with their waist circumference measurement and 49.5% of the
respondents had lower risk of having health issues relating to abnormal
waist-hip ratio. Findings of the study showed a significant relationship
between preferred choice of food and BMI (0.254**). The result of the study
further showed that there is a significant relationship between family income
on food selection and BMI (0.019**) and WHR (0.160**). In conclusion, family
income, beliefs/norms and knowledge have a great influence in food and
nutrients consumption which directly affects weight status and overall body
composition. Therefore, this study is recommended to nutritionist and
dieticians to educate household on the link between food intake and loosing,
gaining extra weight which contribute to prevalence of overweight and obesity
in our society.
-- (2023). Weight Status And Socio-Cultural Factors Among Young Adults In Selected Rural And Urban Areas Of Akwa Ibom State. Repository.mouau.edu.ng: Retrieved Nov 30, 2023, from https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/weight-status-and-socio-cultural-factors-among-young-adults-in-selected-rural-and-urban-areas-of-akwa-ibom-state-7-2
--. "Weight Status And Socio-Cultural Factors Among Young Adults In Selected Rural And Urban Areas Of Akwa Ibom State" Repository.mouau.edu.ng. Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 26 Jun. 2023, https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/weight-status-and-socio-cultural-factors-among-young-adults-in-selected-rural-and-urban-areas-of-akwa-ibom-state-7-2. Accessed 30 Nov. 2023.
--. "Weight Status And Socio-Cultural Factors Among Young Adults In Selected Rural And Urban Areas Of Akwa Ibom State". Repository.mouau.edu.ng, Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 26 Jun. 2023. Web. 30 Nov. 2023. < https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/weight-status-and-socio-cultural-factors-among-young-adults-in-selected-rural-and-urban-areas-of-akwa-ibom-state-7-2 >.
--. "Weight Status And Socio-Cultural Factors Among Young Adults In Selected Rural And Urban Areas Of Akwa Ibom State" Repository.mouau.edu.ng (2023). Accessed 30 Nov. 2023. https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/weight-status-and-socio-cultural-factors-among-young-adults-in-selected-rural-and-urban-areas-of-akwa-ibom-state-7-2