Productivity And Bio-Safety Assessment Of Aqueous Extract Of Pleurolus Ostreatus (Jacq.Ex.Fr) P. Kumm. Fruit-Bodies Cultivated On Acid-Induced Substrate

NWOKO MAGNUS CHINWENDU | 228 pages (50397 words) | Theses

ABSTRACT

This investigation was conducted to study the productivity and bio-safety of Pleurotus ostreatus fruit bodies cultivated on Hydrochloric acid (HC1)-induced oil palm bunch (OPB) substrate. Percentage solutions (0.1-0.5%) HC1 were used to induce changes on the initial pH (10.1) of 1400g of OPB replicated 7 times; to 8.2, 7.8, 7.4, 7.1, 6.1 and control (9.0) respectively. One way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was adopted for data analysis using SPSS version 20.1. Means were separated by Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) at p~.O5%. Fruiting was delayed (l9days) in O.5%HC1 substrate while control fruited afterl2 days. 24 Wistar albino rats made into six groups of four (4) replications, were administered 500m1/kg aqueous extract of mushroom at 24hr interval, for 2ldays. 0.5% substrate induced the highest (1799.log/kg) fruit body yield, number (705) and biological efficiency (137.97%) while control produced the lowest (865g/kg, 424 and 61.79.3%). Fruit bodies from 0.2% HCl OPB substrate had the highest mean cap diameter (7.75±0.29cm), stipe length (3.00±0.12cm) and Weight (9.02±0.79g) while those of 0.1% (5.96±0.23cm), 0.4% (2.44±0.07cm) and 0.1% (5.23±0.52g) had the lowest. Fruit bodies from 0.4% had the highest (16.72±0.57mg/bOg) vitamin B1 content among other levels while the lowest concentrations of vitamins A and E were observed at all levels. Phenolics were highest at 0.1% (188.96±6.01%) but lowest at (0.2% (106.56±1.76%). Tannins increased from 101.06% in fruit bodies from 0.2% - 134.68 in those of 0.5% substrate groups, unlike other levels. Alkaloids were highest at 0.2% (46.87±0.43%) and terpenoids at control. Moisture (9.07±0.15%) and Protein (24.98±0.03%) contents were highest at 0.5%HCI while control (80.09±0.09%) had the highest carbohydrate. Ash, ether extract (E.E) and crude fiber (CF) were low across all treatment levels and control. Sodium (149.85±6.32) and potassium (5.07±0.46mg/100g) were highest in mushrooms of 0.5%HC1 while Chlorine and Calcium tend to increase with increase in percentage HC1. Concentrations of Zinc (181.07±1.22mg/bOg) and Iron (197.70±20.01mg/bOg) were highest in 0.1% HC1 while those of Selenium, Lead and Copper were among the lowest. No mortality was recorded among the animals used. Rats of 0.2 (690.00±13.54 x109fL) and 0.3% (13800.00±115.47x109/L) groups had the highest white and red blood cells. Highest platelets count of 237.50±23.94 x109/L was recorded in the control, 0.1 and 0.5%HC1 groups. 0.1, 0.4 and 0.5% groups had the highest level of haemoglobin while 0.4(42.25±1.32%) and 0.5% (42.00±0.82%) groups had the highest packed cell volume. Liver function test showed that 0.3HCl group had the highest aspartate aminotransferase AST (37.08±1.361U/L) and alkaline phosphatase (ALT) (29.71±3.681U/L) levels while control had the highest alanine aminotransferase (ALP) (23.90±1.15 lUlL). Albumin and Bilurubin levels were not affected by the mushroom extract while Urea and serum protein levels of 0.1 (35.83±1.3 1 mmol/L) and 0.3%HCl (6.00±0.16 mmol/L) groups had the highest. GSH, GPx, MDA, SOD and catalase were not significantly affected at all levels (0.1-0.5%) groups. Both In vitro and In vivo bio-safety studies were not significant (p ~ 0.5), suggesting that the mushrooms could be safe for human consumption. Oil palm bunch should therefore be adopted in the commercial production of the Oyster mushroom.

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APA

NWOKO, C (2021). Productivity And Bio-Safety Assessment Of Aqueous Extract Of Pleurolus Ostreatus (Jacq.Ex.Fr) P. Kumm. Fruit-Bodies Cultivated On Acid-Induced Substrate . Repository.mouau.edu.ng: Retrieved Jan 26, 2023, from https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/productivity-and-bio-safety-assessment-of-aqueous-extract-of-pleurolus-ostreatus-jacqexfr-p-kumm-fruit-bodies-cultivated-on-acid-induced-substrate-7-2

MLA 8th

CHINWENDU, NWOKO. "Productivity And Bio-Safety Assessment Of Aqueous Extract Of Pleurolus Ostreatus (Jacq.Ex.Fr) P. Kumm. Fruit-Bodies Cultivated On Acid-Induced Substrate " Repository.mouau.edu.ng. Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 29 Jun. 2021, https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/productivity-and-bio-safety-assessment-of-aqueous-extract-of-pleurolus-ostreatus-jacqexfr-p-kumm-fruit-bodies-cultivated-on-acid-induced-substrate-7-2. Accessed 26 Jan. 2023.

MLA7

CHINWENDU, NWOKO. "Productivity And Bio-Safety Assessment Of Aqueous Extract Of Pleurolus Ostreatus (Jacq.Ex.Fr) P. Kumm. Fruit-Bodies Cultivated On Acid-Induced Substrate ". Repository.mouau.edu.ng, Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 29 Jun. 2021. Web. 26 Jan. 2023. < https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/productivity-and-bio-safety-assessment-of-aqueous-extract-of-pleurolus-ostreatus-jacqexfr-p-kumm-fruit-bodies-cultivated-on-acid-induced-substrate-7-2 >.

Chicago

CHINWENDU, NWOKO. "Productivity And Bio-Safety Assessment Of Aqueous Extract Of Pleurolus Ostreatus (Jacq.Ex.Fr) P. Kumm. Fruit-Bodies Cultivated On Acid-Induced Substrate " Repository.mouau.edu.ng (2021). Accessed 26 Jan. 2023. https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/productivity-and-bio-safety-assessment-of-aqueous-extract-of-pleurolus-ostreatus-jacqexfr-p-kumm-fruit-bodies-cultivated-on-acid-induced-substrate-7-2

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