Plant foods are receiving more scientific attention because of their potentiall to ameliorate certain ailments in the human system. P.ostreatus is a fungi popularly called oyster mushroom, which has been known for producing biologically active secondary metabolites. This study was conducted with the objective to determine the concentrations of phytochemicals present in this edible mushroom grown on palm bunches soaked in varying concentrations of HCl ranging from 0.1M HCl to 0.5M HCl and control which was totally void of HCl. The phytochemical screening was carried out using standard methods. Results of this screening revealed the presence of phenols, flavonoids, alkaloids, terpenoids, tannins, glycosides, reducing sugars and steroids. The result revealed that phenols, flavonoids, alkaloids and reducing sugars were present in appreciable quantities, while the others were low. Phenols was highest in 0.1M HCl with a mean±S.E.M of 188.96±6.01 mg/g while the lowest was found in 0.2M HCl with a concentration of 106.56±1.76 mg/g. Tannin was highest in 0.1M HCl, having a concentration of 5.89±0.83 mg/g and the least concentration was found in 5.24±0.04 mg/g. The HCl concentration with the highest flavonoid was 0.2M HCl (160.20±1.85 mg/g) while the least was in control (51.93±0.67 mg/g). Steroids was highest in control (0.48±0.01 mg/g) and least in 0.5MHCl (0.05±0.01 mg/g). Alkaloids was highest in 0.2M HCL (46.88±0.43) while the least was found in 0.5M HCl (24.10±0.94 mg/g). Terpenoids had the highest concentration in control (9.37±0.39 mg/g) while the least was found in 0.5M HCl (3.75±0.25 mg/g). Glycosides had the highest concentration in 0.2M HCl (1.98±0.00 mg/g) and the least in 0.5M HCl (1.67±0.00 mg/g). Reducing sugars was highest in control (23.95±0.96 mg/g) while the least was in 0.2M HCl (18.73±1.62). These phytochemicals have a broad spectrum of biological activities which includes antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antimicrobial, analgesic, immunostimulatory, hepatoprotective, antibacterial, antitumor anticancer amongst a host of others. This study therefore suggests that the cultivation and consumption of P.ostreatus on palm bunches soaked in varying HCl concentrations can have a positive effect on the health of the human body in several ways and can be harnessed in the management and control of diseases.
KENNETH, P (2022). Phytochemical Evaluation Of Pleurotus Ostreatus Grown On Hcl-Treated Palm Oil Bunch. Repository.mouau.edu.ng: Retrieved Feb 01, 2023, from https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/phytochemical-evaluation-of-pleurotus-ostreatus-grown-on-hcl-treated-palm-oil-bunch-7-2
PENIEL, KENNETH. "Phytochemical Evaluation Of Pleurotus Ostreatus Grown On Hcl-Treated Palm Oil Bunch" Repository.mouau.edu.ng. Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 17 Feb. 2022, https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/phytochemical-evaluation-of-pleurotus-ostreatus-grown-on-hcl-treated-palm-oil-bunch-7-2. Accessed 01 Feb. 2023.
PENIEL, KENNETH. "Phytochemical Evaluation Of Pleurotus Ostreatus Grown On Hcl-Treated Palm Oil Bunch". Repository.mouau.edu.ng, Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 17 Feb. 2022. Web. 01 Feb. 2023. < https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/phytochemical-evaluation-of-pleurotus-ostreatus-grown-on-hcl-treated-palm-oil-bunch-7-2 >.
PENIEL, KENNETH. "Phytochemical Evaluation Of Pleurotus Ostreatus Grown On Hcl-Treated Palm Oil Bunch" Repository.mouau.edu.ng (2022). Accessed 01 Feb. 2023. https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/phytochemical-evaluation-of-pleurotus-ostreatus-grown-on-hcl-treated-palm-oil-bunch-7-2