In vitro Evaluation Of Selected Plant Extracts Against Phytophthora Colocasiae Racib. Causing Taro Leaf Blight (TLB):- Ehumadu, Chinweokwu R.

Chinweokwu R | 53 pages (9253 words) | Projects
Plant Science and Biotechnology | Co Authors: Ehumadu

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to examine the In vitro antifungal activity of leaf ethanol extracts of Azadirachta indica, Senna alata, Eucalyptus camaldulensis and Tithonia diversifolia against Phytophthora colocasiae Racib. Extracts were tested against isolated pure culture of P. colocasiae at 5, 10 and 20mg/ml. 3mg/ml Ridomil and untreated culture served as the standard and absolute control respectively. Experiment was conducted in a completely Randomized Design (CRD) and all treatments were replicated thrice. Data were subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) using statistical package for social scientists (SPSS). Means were separated by Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) and test of significance at 5%. Results indicated that 20mg/ml extracts of A. indica and 3mg/ml of Ridomil had the best percentage radial growth inhibition of P. colocasiae at 100%, followed by S. alata (78.19%) at 5mg/ml while extract of E. camaldulensis showed the lowest anti-fungal activity at 5mg/ml (19.33%). P. colocasiae growth in absolute control was un-inhibited (0.00%). Mycelia dry weight of P. colocasiae at lOmg/ml of E. camaldulensis was recorded at 0.10±0.61g contrary to 0.00g recorded against other plant extracts. At 20mg/ml, A. indica supported a mycelia dry weight of 0.09+0.06g but none was recorded against other plant extracts. Ridomil did not support mycelia growth in PDB while absolute control had a significant (p<0.05) mycelia dry weight of 0.27+0.08g. Leaf extract ofA. indica should be characterized to obtain the pure active component responsible for anti-fungal activity and used for further studies in the control ofthe pathogen in the field. 

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APA

CHINWEOKWU, R (2024). In vitro Evaluation Of Selected Plant Extracts Against Phytophthora Colocasiae Racib. Causing Taro Leaf Blight (TLB):- Ehumadu, Chinweokwu R.. Repository.mouau.edu.ng: Retrieved May 20, 2024, from https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/in-vitro-evaluation-of-selected-plant-extracts-against-phytophthora-colocasiae-racib-causing-taro-leaf-blight-tlb-ehumadu-chinweokwu-r-7-2

MLA 8th

R, CHINWEOKWU. "In vitro Evaluation Of Selected Plant Extracts Against Phytophthora Colocasiae Racib. Causing Taro Leaf Blight (TLB):- Ehumadu, Chinweokwu R." Repository.mouau.edu.ng. Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 13 Mar. 2024, https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/in-vitro-evaluation-of-selected-plant-extracts-against-phytophthora-colocasiae-racib-causing-taro-leaf-blight-tlb-ehumadu-chinweokwu-r-7-2. Accessed 20 May. 2024.

MLA7

R, CHINWEOKWU. "In vitro Evaluation Of Selected Plant Extracts Against Phytophthora Colocasiae Racib. Causing Taro Leaf Blight (TLB):- Ehumadu, Chinweokwu R.". Repository.mouau.edu.ng, Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 13 Mar. 2024. Web. 20 May. 2024. < https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/in-vitro-evaluation-of-selected-plant-extracts-against-phytophthora-colocasiae-racib-causing-taro-leaf-blight-tlb-ehumadu-chinweokwu-r-7-2 >.

Chicago

R, CHINWEOKWU. "In vitro Evaluation Of Selected Plant Extracts Against Phytophthora Colocasiae Racib. Causing Taro Leaf Blight (TLB):- Ehumadu, Chinweokwu R." Repository.mouau.edu.ng (2024). Accessed 20 May. 2024. https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/in-vitro-evaluation-of-selected-plant-extracts-against-phytophthora-colocasiae-racib-causing-taro-leaf-blight-tlb-ehumadu-chinweokwu-r-7-2

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