Exergoeconomic modelling and
multi-objective optimization of a novel Kalina-based polygeneration system
driven by an in-service Brayton-cycle with integrated biomass-gasifier was
performed. A double pressure heat recovery steam generator, primarily powered
by gas turbine waste was utilized to power five other bottoming cycles. These
cycles comprised a steam turbine, a novel organic Rankine cycle for cooling and
power production, and a modified Kalina cycle for power production and cooling
with an additional vapor absorption system for cooling, powered by the Kalina
cycle. In total, the system generates seven products from natural gas and
biomass syngas used as a reheater from the gas turbine. To simulate the system
performance, very detailed thermodynamic models were developed from both
energetic and exergetic approaches across all components of the system.
Additionally, the exergoeconomic cost implications of the overall system were
developed based on specific exergy costing, as well as development of the environmental
impact assessment from exergo-environmental considerations. The
exergo-sustainability indicators of the system were also considered, and the
plants’ optimum operating parameters obtained, based on a multi-objective
optimization of the efficiency and total levelised cost of operation.
Consequently, a program source code was developed to accommodate this robust
system at varying operating conditions. From the analysis, the results obtained
showed that the multigeneration energy system had an enhanced performance. The
exergy efficiency was improved from 35.79 % for the topping cycle alone to
about 44.26 % for the multigeneration system. This configuration gave
reasonably high exergy efficiency with respect to recent multigeneration
systems in literature with estimated 17.3 % and 36.13 % exergetic efficiency.
Moreover, the multiple output condition of this system resulted in 16.745 MW of
power from the steam turbine and 71.162 MW from the topping cycle.
Additionally, as much as 42.28 kW of power and 45.36 kW of cooling resulted
from the utilization of low pressure steam from the heat recovery steam
generator (HRSG) to power the modified organic Rankine cycle (ORC) system.
Furthermore, dual refrigerative cooling of 67.72 kW and 130.5 kW were obtained from
the utilization of waste heat from the HRSG to power the Kalina and the vapour
absorption systems, respectively. This was in addition to Kalina turbine output
which was 36.27 kW. The results from the exergetic sustainability demonstrate
improvement in the overall system performance in terms of environmental effect
factor and exergetic sustainability. From the optimization performed, it
indicated that several pareto frontiers including that at a pressure ratio of 8
corresponding to the maximum efficiency, and least cost rate of 39.50 % and
125.8361 $/hr respectively, were produced. The simulated results revealed that
provision of this system translated in monetary savings of about 77.0453 $/hr,
hitherto lost to exergy destruction and loss from the flue gas in the gas
turbine plant. With an estimated 25 years plant life, these amount to lifetime
savings of $ 12,327,248 in plant operation from the waste gas of the in-service
plant. Overall, this plant generally is economically viable, cost-effective and
reliable for production of energy.
EKWE, E (2022). Exergoeconomic Modelling And Multi-Objective Optimization Of A Novel Kalina-Based Polygeneration System Driven By An In-Service Brayton-Cycle With Integrated Biomass-Gasifier. Repository.mouau.edu.ng: Retrieved Feb 25, 2024, from https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/exergoeconomic-modelling-and-multi-objective-optimization-of-a-novel-kalina-based-polygeneration-system-driven-by-an-in-service-brayton-cycle-with-integrated-biomass-gasifier-7-2
EKWE, EKWE. "Exergoeconomic Modelling And Multi-Objective Optimization Of A Novel Kalina-Based Polygeneration System Driven By An In-Service Brayton-Cycle With Integrated Biomass-Gasifier" Repository.mouau.edu.ng. Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 05 Oct. 2022, https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/exergoeconomic-modelling-and-multi-objective-optimization-of-a-novel-kalina-based-polygeneration-system-driven-by-an-in-service-brayton-cycle-with-integrated-biomass-gasifier-7-2. Accessed 25 Feb. 2024.
EKWE, EKWE. "Exergoeconomic Modelling And Multi-Objective Optimization Of A Novel Kalina-Based Polygeneration System Driven By An In-Service Brayton-Cycle With Integrated Biomass-Gasifier". Repository.mouau.edu.ng, Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 05 Oct. 2022. Web. 25 Feb. 2024. < https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/exergoeconomic-modelling-and-multi-objective-optimization-of-a-novel-kalina-based-polygeneration-system-driven-by-an-in-service-brayton-cycle-with-integrated-biomass-gasifier-7-2 >.
EKWE, EKWE. "Exergoeconomic Modelling And Multi-Objective Optimization Of A Novel Kalina-Based Polygeneration System Driven By An In-Service Brayton-Cycle With Integrated Biomass-Gasifier" Repository.mouau.edu.ng (2022). Accessed 25 Feb. 2024. https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/exergoeconomic-modelling-and-multi-objective-optimization-of-a-novel-kalina-based-polygeneration-system-driven-by-an-in-service-brayton-cycle-with-integrated-biomass-gasifier-7-2