Design, Construction And Performance Evaluation Of A Mini Power(1KVA) Fuel –Less Generator As An Alternative Power For Low Power Consumption

EKE SAMUEL | 29 pages (8522 words) | Projects

 

ABSTRACT

This study deals with the design, construction and performance evaluation of 1000W (1KVA) fuelless power generating set to serve as an alternative source of energy. The materials used for the project work included c motor, alternator, connecting shaft, coupling, 12V/75Ah battery, charging panel (Transformer, diode, and capacitor), and frame. The methods involved fabrication of a connecting rod with boring of a reasonable hole that was conveniently fitted into the DC motor with threaded hole for bolting. The crank casing of the alternator was inserted and the armature of the alternator was fixed. The generator frame was then constructed to provide support and rigidity. The diode was connected to green cables and capacitors to the yellow cable. The terminal of the DC motor was connected to the battery, with red cables to the mains as output. The machine consists of five different units; the power supply, conversion, control, output and charging units. The components parts includes 12V battery, D.C motor, alternator, connecting shaft, bolts and nuts, transformer, diode, and noise damper. The result of the performance evaluation of the fuel-less power generating set shows that the machine has an average efficiency of 56.43% at load of 600W for continuous operation. The peak efficiency of the constructed fuel-less power generating set was 89.1% at load of 100W. For comparison, the result obtained from Power inverter, has clearly confirmed that the highest efficiency recorded is at 96.27% which is more than that of the fuel-less power generating set which is at 89.1%, at a load of 100W respectively.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page                                                                                                    i

Dedication                                                                                                  ii

Certification                                                                                                iii

Acknowledgement                                                                                      iv

Table of contents                                                                                        v

List of Tables                                                                                              ix

List of Figures                                                                                            ix

Abstracts                                                                                                    x

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION                                                            1

1.1            Background to the Study                                                                            1

 

1.2            Statement of Problem                                                                       2

 

1.3            Aims and Objective of the Study                                                      3

 

1.4            Scope of the Study                                                                            3

 

1.5            Justification of the Study                                                                            3

CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1     Introduction                                                                                                4

2.2     History of Generators                                                                       6

2.3     Electromagnetism                                                                             7

2.4     Chemical Reaction in car battery                                                      8

2.5     Direct current Generators                                                                           9

2.5.1  Evolution of dynamos                                                                      9

2.6     Alternating Current generators                                                                   10

2.7     Early developments of fuel less generators                                       11

2.8     Empirical Review                                                                              12

CHAPTER 3: MATERIAL AND METHODS

3.1     Method                                                                                             15

3.2     Fuel less power generating set component units                               16

3.2.1  The power supply unit                                                                     16

3.2.2  Conversion unit                                                                                16

3.2.3  Control unit                                                                                                16

3.2.4  Crankshaft                                                                                        16

3.2.5  Output unit                                                                                       17

3.3     constructional features                                                                      17

3.3.1  The frame                                                                                          17

3.3.2  The motor seat                                                                                  18

3.3.3  Alternator seat                                                                                  18

3.3.4  Battery and charging panel seat                                                                 18

3.3.5  Alternator                                                                                         18

3.3.6  D.C Motor                                                                                        19

3.4     Construction (Design) procedures                                                    19

3.5 Fuel less engine process                                                                        20

3.5.1  Mechanical model                                                                             20

3.5.2  Electrical model                                                                                20

CHAPTER 4: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION

4.1     Introduction                                                                                                24

4.2     Testing                                                                                              25

4.3 Output Efficiency for fuel less power generator                                             26

4.4     Exploitation possibilities                                                                            28

4.5     D.C Motor Developments                                                                 29

4.6     Potentials of fuel less engine                                                             29

CHAPTER 5: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS                                         

5.1     Conclusion                                                                                        30

5.2     Recommendations                                                                                      31

References                                                                                                  33                        

                  

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: Bill of Engineering Management and Evaluation                                   22

Table 2: Performance Evaluation of fuel less power generating set            24

Table 3: Output Efficiency of fuel less generator                                        25     

LIST OF FIGURES

Fig. 3.1: Fuel less generator construction diagram                                               15

Fig. 3.2: Alternator                                                                                     23

Fig. 3.3: Battery                                                                                         23

Fig. 3.4: Battery cable                                                                                23

Fig. 3.5: Crankshaft                                                                                    23

Fig. 3.6: D.C.Motor                                                                                    23

Fig. 3.7: Diode                                                                                            23

Fig. 3.8: Fuel less Generator                                                                       23

Fig. 4.1: Input and output power of Fuel less generator                                      27      

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APA

EKE, S (2023). Design, Construction And Performance Evaluation Of A Mini Power(1KVA) Fuel –Less Generator As An Alternative Power For Low Power Consumption . Repository.mouau.edu.ng: Retrieved Apr 15, 2024, from https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/design-construction-and-performance-evaluation-of-a-mini-power1kva-fuel-less-generator-as-an-alternative-power-for-low-power-consumption-7-2

MLA 8th

SAMUEL, EKE. "Design, Construction And Performance Evaluation Of A Mini Power(1KVA) Fuel –Less Generator As An Alternative Power For Low Power Consumption " Repository.mouau.edu.ng. Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 15 Aug. 2023, https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/design-construction-and-performance-evaluation-of-a-mini-power1kva-fuel-less-generator-as-an-alternative-power-for-low-power-consumption-7-2. Accessed 15 Apr. 2024.

MLA7

SAMUEL, EKE. "Design, Construction And Performance Evaluation Of A Mini Power(1KVA) Fuel –Less Generator As An Alternative Power For Low Power Consumption ". Repository.mouau.edu.ng, Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 15 Aug. 2023. Web. 15 Apr. 2024. < https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/design-construction-and-performance-evaluation-of-a-mini-power1kva-fuel-less-generator-as-an-alternative-power-for-low-power-consumption-7-2 >.

Chicago

SAMUEL, EKE. "Design, Construction And Performance Evaluation Of A Mini Power(1KVA) Fuel –Less Generator As An Alternative Power For Low Power Consumption " Repository.mouau.edu.ng (2023). Accessed 15 Apr. 2024. https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/design-construction-and-performance-evaluation-of-a-mini-power1kva-fuel-less-generator-as-an-alternative-power-for-low-power-consumption-7-2

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