Design And Development Of An Internet-Of-Things Based Gas Emission Monitoring System

AGU | 48 pages (9131 words) | Projects
Mechanical Engineering | Co Authors: BONIFACE NWOGBALA

ABSTRACT

 There are various Gas Emission Monitoring System available in Nigeria today. However, there is a problem with the efficiency of these systems and often it fails to achieve what it intends to achieve. Due to ignorance or availability, owners of mechanical machines in Nigeria do not own a gas emission monitoring device and therefore does not checkmate the kind of gases they emit. An IOT based gas emission monitoring system will bring to the consciousness of the owners of these machines, the need to always have the machines in good state. Due to the presence of a regulating body who gets feedback of the kind/level of gas every device emits, — through the help of internet of thing. This work intends to educate users on when and how their machines emit gases not suitable for human conditions as well as gases that affects the ozone layer which in turn causes climate change. All these will be made possible using gas sensors MQ 7 and MQ 135, Voltage regulators, Arduino Nano, WIFI chips, GPS, PCB, 12V Battery, and a Mobile Phone. This work shall focus on the development of a Prototype.

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title Page i

Declaration ii

Dedication iii

Certification iv

Acknowledgement v

Table of Content vi

List of Figures vii

List of Tables ix

Abstract x

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of Study 1

1.2 Statement of Problem 2

1.3 Aim of Study 3

1.4 Objective of Study 3

1.5 Study Question 4

1.6 Scope of Study 4

1.7 Significance of Study 4

1.8 Definition of Terms

1.8.1 Design and Development 5

1.8.2 IOT Based 5

1.8.3 Gas Emissions 5

CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW

2.0 Literature Review 6

2.1 Concept of IOT Technology 9

2.2 The Concept of Gas Emission Analyzer 10

CHAPTER 3 MATERIALS AND METHODS

3.0 Methodology 13

3.1 Design Procedures

3.1.1 Circuit Design Using Printed Circuit Board (PCB) 14

vii

3.2 Circuit Analysis 15

3.2.1 Regulator IC (7805) 15

3.2.2 Lm317 Voltage Regulator 16

3.2.3 Gas Sensors 16

3.2.4 MQ-7 Carbon Monoxide Sensor Circuit Built with an Arduino 16

3.2.5 MQ135 Gas Sensor 17

3.2.6 The Microcontroller Unit 17

3.2.7 ESP8266 18

3.2.8 GPS Module 19

3.2.9 Interfacing the LCD with the Microcontroller 19

3.3 Principle of Operation of the IOT Based Emission Monitoring System 20

3.4 Numerical Evaluation 21

CHAPTER 4

4.0 Evaluations and Performance 25

4.1 Performance Test 25

4.2 Cost Evaluation 33

CHAPTER 5: CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Conclusion 34

5.2 Recommendations 34

References 35

viii

LISTS OF FIGURES

Fig. 3.1 The design of the IoT based emission monitoring system 13

Fig. 3.2 the IoT based emission monitoring system 14

Fig 3.6 System block diagram 20

Fig. 3.7. Internal circuit diagram of MQ135 21

Fig. 4.1 Graphical Representation of data samples gotten from Generators 28

Fig 4.2 Data samples gotten from Cars, Motorcycles and Keke Napep 32

ix

LISTS OF TABLES

Table 1: Parts of the IoT based emission monitoring system 14

Table 4.1: Data samples gotten from Generators 25

Table 4.2 Data samples gotten from Cars, Motorcycles and Keke Napep 29

Table 4.1 Cost Evaluation 33

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APA

AGU, A (2023). Design And Development Of An Internet-Of-Things Based Gas Emission Monitoring System. Repository.mouau.edu.ng: Retrieved Jun 22, 2024, from https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/design-and-development-of-an-internet-of-things-based-gas-emission-monitoring-system-7-2

MLA 8th

AGU, AGU. "Design And Development Of An Internet-Of-Things Based Gas Emission Monitoring System" Repository.mouau.edu.ng. Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 15 Aug. 2023, https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/design-and-development-of-an-internet-of-things-based-gas-emission-monitoring-system-7-2. Accessed 22 Jun. 2024.

MLA7

AGU, AGU. "Design And Development Of An Internet-Of-Things Based Gas Emission Monitoring System". Repository.mouau.edu.ng, Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 15 Aug. 2023. Web. 22 Jun. 2024. < https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/design-and-development-of-an-internet-of-things-based-gas-emission-monitoring-system-7-2 >.

Chicago

AGU, AGU. "Design And Development Of An Internet-Of-Things Based Gas Emission Monitoring System" Repository.mouau.edu.ng (2023). Accessed 22 Jun. 2024. https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/design-and-development-of-an-internet-of-things-based-gas-emission-monitoring-system-7-2

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