Chemical Composition Of Enriched Pap Made From Yellow Corn And Red Sorghum

Michael Okpara University | 56 pages (21377 words) | Projects

ABSTRACT

This research work determined the chemical composition of enriched pap made from yellow corn and red sorghum. The Specific objectives were to determine the proximate composition of enriched pap made from yellow maize and red sorghum, the mineral composition of enriched pap made from yellow maize and red sorghum, assess the vitamin composition of enriched pap made from yellow maize and red sorghum and anti-nutrient composition of enriched pap made from yellow maize and red sorghum. The work used experimental design to determine the proximate composition, minerals, vitamin and anti-nutrient content, as well as sensory properties of the enriched pap were evaluated using statistically analyzed by one way analysis of variance using Statistical Package for Social Science version 23.0. The proximate composition revealed that the moisture content (77.26 to 82.73%), crude protein (5.03 to 13.08%), fat (0.84 to 3.74%), dietary fibre (0.02 to 0.05%), ash (0.65 to 0.97%), carbohydrate (2.69 to 12.98), energy value (70.62 to 105.66kcal) of the enriched pap. Minerals like phosphorus (138.67 to 285.12 mg/100g), calcium (73.49 to 80.44mg/100g), sodium (36.53 to 49.99mg/100g), potassium (199.65 to 327.56mg/100g), magnesium (48.95 to 81.06mg/100g), iron (4.35 to 6.28) were obtained in the enriched pap. The enriched pap possessed pro vitamin A (3.44 to 58.68), Vit B1 (0.34 to 0.52mg/100g), Vit B2 (0.07 to 0.61 mg/100g), Vit B3 (1.37 to 2.43mg/100g), Vit C (2.86 to 3.14 mg/100g) and Vit E (0.58 to 1.77 mg/100g). The antinutrient contents of the enriched pap show the presence of Tannin (0.44 to 0.54 mg/100g), Phytate (0.26 to 0.38 mg/100g), Oxalate (0.14 to 0.27 mg/100g), The sensory evaluation content of the enriched pap revealed that the mean score for appearance ranged from 4.80 to 6.85, whereas 5.10 to 6.30, 5.00 to 6.50, 5.05 to 7.10 and 5.20 to 7.45 was obtained as the mean score for taste, mouth feel, consistency, and general acceptability of the enriched pap. This study showed that nutritious and acceptable enriched pap samples with its antinutrient constituents where processed from yellow corn and red sorghum. 


 

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APA

MICHAEL, U (2023). Chemical Composition Of Enriched Pap Made From Yellow Corn And Red Sorghum . Repository.mouau.edu.ng: Retrieved Apr 23, 2024, from https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/chemical-composition-of-enriched-pap-made-from-yellow-corn-and-red-sorghum-7-2

MLA 8th

UNIVERSITY, MICHAEL. "Chemical Composition Of Enriched Pap Made From Yellow Corn And Red Sorghum " Repository.mouau.edu.ng. Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 30 Jun. 2023, https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/chemical-composition-of-enriched-pap-made-from-yellow-corn-and-red-sorghum-7-2. Accessed 23 Apr. 2024.

MLA7

UNIVERSITY, MICHAEL. "Chemical Composition Of Enriched Pap Made From Yellow Corn And Red Sorghum ". Repository.mouau.edu.ng, Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 30 Jun. 2023. Web. 23 Apr. 2024. < https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/chemical-composition-of-enriched-pap-made-from-yellow-corn-and-red-sorghum-7-2 >.

Chicago

UNIVERSITY, MICHAEL. "Chemical Composition Of Enriched Pap Made From Yellow Corn And Red Sorghum " Repository.mouau.edu.ng (2023). Accessed 23 Apr. 2024. https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/chemical-composition-of-enriched-pap-made-from-yellow-corn-and-red-sorghum-7-2

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