Assessment Of Heavy Metals In Soil And Edible Vegetables Grown Within The Vicinity Of Abandoned Peacock Paint Industry In Ikot Ekan, Etinan Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Michael Okpara University | 87 pages (22434 words) | Theses

ABSTRACT

This research work was carried out to investigate the level of some heavy metals (Fe, Zn, Cu, Pb, Cd and Cr) ions in soil and some edible vegetables grown within the vicinity of abandoned Peacock Paint Industry in Ikot Ekan, Etinan Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Comparison of heavy metals in crops and soils obtained showed that heavy metals in crops were higher than those recorded in soil and was attributed to bioaccumulation and bio-magnification of these heavy metals in crop tissues. Mean concentrations of Pb ions in pumpkin leaves (Telferia occidentalis) in sampling position QI, QII, QIII, QIV and the control were (7.28±0.08, 6.84±1.18, 4.65±0.75, 3.85±0.67 and 1.84±0.91) mg/kg respectively. Mean concentrations of Fe2+, Zn2+, Cu2+, Cd2+ and Cr3+ showed similar trends in all the edible vegetables analysed in the study area. The concentrations of heavy metals in soil samples obtained within the site were significantly higher than those obtained from the control sites. The levels of heavy metals in both soil and crop samples collected from the site were significantly high to cause environmental concern as their concentrations exceeded the tolerable limits, mean concentrations of Pb2+, Fe2+ Cu2+, Zn2+, Cd2+ and Cr3+ of heavy metals in the soil were Pb2+ (11.16±0.54 mg/kg), Fe2+(2120.40±2.11 mg/kg), Cu2+(89.74±7.52 mg/kg, Zn2+(23.74±1.55 mg/kg), Cd2+(2.66±0.52 mg/kg) and Cr3+(3.24±0.71 mg/kg). However, the observed values were higher than FEPA/ WHO standards.

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APA

MICHAEL, U (2023). Assessment Of Heavy Metals In Soil And Edible Vegetables Grown Within The Vicinity Of Abandoned Peacock Paint Industry In Ikot Ekan, Etinan Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Repository.mouau.edu.ng: Retrieved Jul 16, 2024, from https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/assessment-of-heavy-metals-in-soil-and-edible-vegetables-grown-within-the-vicinity-of-abandoned-peacock-paint-industry-in-ikot-ekan-etinan-local-government-area-akwa-ibom-state-nigeria-7-2

MLA 8th

UNIVERSITY, MICHAEL. "Assessment Of Heavy Metals In Soil And Edible Vegetables Grown Within The Vicinity Of Abandoned Peacock Paint Industry In Ikot Ekan, Etinan Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria" Repository.mouau.edu.ng. Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 04 Jul. 2023, https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/assessment-of-heavy-metals-in-soil-and-edible-vegetables-grown-within-the-vicinity-of-abandoned-peacock-paint-industry-in-ikot-ekan-etinan-local-government-area-akwa-ibom-state-nigeria-7-2. Accessed 16 Jul. 2024.

MLA7

UNIVERSITY, MICHAEL. "Assessment Of Heavy Metals In Soil And Edible Vegetables Grown Within The Vicinity Of Abandoned Peacock Paint Industry In Ikot Ekan, Etinan Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria". Repository.mouau.edu.ng, Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 04 Jul. 2023. Web. 16 Jul. 2024. < https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/assessment-of-heavy-metals-in-soil-and-edible-vegetables-grown-within-the-vicinity-of-abandoned-peacock-paint-industry-in-ikot-ekan-etinan-local-government-area-akwa-ibom-state-nigeria-7-2 >.

Chicago

UNIVERSITY, MICHAEL. "Assessment Of Heavy Metals In Soil And Edible Vegetables Grown Within The Vicinity Of Abandoned Peacock Paint Industry In Ikot Ekan, Etinan Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria" Repository.mouau.edu.ng (2023). Accessed 16 Jul. 2024. https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/assessment-of-heavy-metals-in-soil-and-edible-vegetables-grown-within-the-vicinity-of-abandoned-peacock-paint-industry-in-ikot-ekan-etinan-local-government-area-akwa-ibom-state-nigeria-7-2

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