Woody Plant Species Colonizing Abandoned Farmlands Of Different Seral Stages In South-Eastern Nigeria

ANYANWU PATRICK ENYINNAYA | 128 pages (19672 words) | Theses

ABSTRACT

Woody plant species colonizing abandoned farmlands of different seral stages in the south-eastern Nigerian rainforest ecozone were studied between 1st September, 2005 and 30th August, 2006. The tropical rainforest is disappearing at an alarming rate of 3.0 per cent per annum. At Abia, Akwa-lbom and Imo states of Nigeria, plant species colonizing abandoned farmlands of 0-2-4-6-8-10-20-30-40-50 and over 50 years of age were studied. Transects, each lOOm in length were cut in each of the selected abandoned farmlands using prismatic compass. Along each transect, 11 perpendiculars were cut and three perpendiculars were selected at random. On each selected perpendicular line, three quadrats of 2.5 x 2.5 were laid at the three points selected at random. Woody plant species within the sample plots selected at random. Woody plant species within the sample plots were identified and enumerated. Data revealed that 44 woody economic plant species were enumerated in the three states studied. Data revealed that economic tree species arc rare in all the abandoned farmlands enumerated. Plant species that were abundant in the three states were Chroinoiaena odorata, Anthonotha inacrophylla, Dactyladenia barieri arid Dialiutn guineense. Lovoa Irwin/jo ides and Enlai idrophragma cylindricum were observed only in the forest over 50 years old. It appears that it is mainly fire resistant plant species that existed in the abandoned farmlands. The life form spectra showed the poor distribution of Phanerophytes. Grasses were more relatively abundant in farmlands between zero and eight years. The plant species colonizing abandoned farmlands at the three states were not similar. The calculated similarity index of Abia and Akwa-Ibom was 57.5%, Abia and imo 45.9%, Akwa-lhom and Imo 33.7%. Data revealed that vegetation of Akwa-Ibom and Irno State were not similar. However, Akwa-lbom and Abia states have similar plant species because they shaie the same ecozone. Abia and Irno states were similar because they share common boundary. it is recommended that education of the people on the importance of trees should be done by the state government. Also dispersing tree fruits should he assisted to help the fruits of tree species get into abandoned farmlands. Kola pachycarpa and Monodora inyristica hardly can disperse its seeds on itself. And so requires the help of man to disperse its seeds.

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APA

ANYANWU, E (2021). Woody Plant Species Colonizing Abandoned Farmlands Of Different Seral Stages In South-Eastern Nigeria. Repository.mouau.edu.ng: Retrieved May 24, 2024, from https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/woody-plant-species-colonizing-abandoned-farmlands-of-different-seral-stages-in-south-eastern-nigeria-7-2

MLA 8th

ENYINNAYA, ANYANWU. "Woody Plant Species Colonizing Abandoned Farmlands Of Different Seral Stages In South-Eastern Nigeria" Repository.mouau.edu.ng. Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 14 Oct. 2021, https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/woody-plant-species-colonizing-abandoned-farmlands-of-different-seral-stages-in-south-eastern-nigeria-7-2. Accessed 24 May. 2024.

MLA7

ENYINNAYA, ANYANWU. "Woody Plant Species Colonizing Abandoned Farmlands Of Different Seral Stages In South-Eastern Nigeria". Repository.mouau.edu.ng, Repository.mouau.edu.ng, 14 Oct. 2021. Web. 24 May. 2024. < https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/woody-plant-species-colonizing-abandoned-farmlands-of-different-seral-stages-in-south-eastern-nigeria-7-2 >.

Chicago

ENYINNAYA, ANYANWU. "Woody Plant Species Colonizing Abandoned Farmlands Of Different Seral Stages In South-Eastern Nigeria" Repository.mouau.edu.ng (2021). Accessed 24 May. 2024. https://repository.mouau.edu.ng/work/view/woody-plant-species-colonizing-abandoned-farmlands-of-different-seral-stages-in-south-eastern-nigeria-7-2

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